END OF GRAVITY ON THE EARTH (Part 3):
COLLISION OF THE SUN AND THE MOON by Professor M
The Quran (also written Qur'an and Koran (1) and
pronounced Kur'aan) is the sacred scripture of islam. Muslims
believe that it contains the infallible word (speech) of ALLAH, in
the Arabic language, as revealed to MUHAMMAD the Prophet between the
years 610 and 632 (Gregorian, also now called Western, calendar).
That is about 1400 years ago. They also hold that because previous
scriptures, particularly the TORAH (in Judaism) and GOSPEL
(Christian New Testament), had become corrupted, it is the most
perfect of all revelations (2). The Quran is about the same length
as the Christian New Testament. It consists of 114 parts each called
a SURA. Each sura is made up of a number of sentences, each called
an AYA. The Quran declares: "That is the book in
which there is no doubt", Sura 2, Aya 2 (3). The Quran's
leading theme is the declaration that there is Only One the
All-Powerful, the All-Knowing, the Most Merciful, the Most
Compassionate, and the Most Gracious ALLAH who alone created the
universe and governs all that is in it (2).
How was the Moon created?
According to the GIANT
IMPACTOR THEORY, in the early era of the solar system, a rocky body
about the size of Mars crashed into the newly forming Earth. The
collision knocked off chunks of matter from the mantles of both
bodies. These fragments were captured by Earth's gravity and began
orbiting the planet. The fragments clumped together into a larger
body, which swept up the smaller debris in its path. This object
ultimately developed into the Moon (4). The Moon is a unique
satellite in the solar system, the largest relative to its planet.
It has a radius of 1738 km, a density of 3.344 g/cm³ (Earth density
= 5.52 g/cm³), and a mass that is 1/81 that of the Earth. The orbit
of the Moon around the Earth is elliptical with a very small
eccentricity (e =0.0549) so that it is nearly circular. The orbital
speed of the Moon is 1.03 km/s. The lunar orbit is neither in the
equatorial plane of the Earth nor in the plane of the ecliptic (the
plane of the Earth's orbit around the Sun). It is closer to, but
inclined at 5.09°, to the latter (5). Some astronomers refer to
Earth and the Moon as a binary planet system because of the
relatively large size of the Moon (6).
Gravitational tug-of-war between the Earth and the
The surface gravity of the moon is about a sixth of that
of Earth. Because the moon is so close to Earth, the pull of its
gravity causes the tides. The tides are the regular, periodic rise
and fall of the surface of the Earth's seas (7). The tides are,
therefore, the result of the gravitational tug-of-war between Earth
and the Moon (8). The moon is the Earth's nearest celestial neighbor
with a mean distance from the Earth (center-to-center) of
384,400 km. Because of the elliptical orbit of the Moon and
depending on the distance of the Moon from the Earth, the
gravitational pull exerted by the Moon varies in strength and
therefore causes high tides and low tides (9). The tides also
regularly cause very slight deformations in the solid parts of the
Earth. The Earth's much stronger gravity affects the moon as well.
It keeps the Moon in its orbit. Its pull causes slight bulges on the
moon's surface in the direction of the Earth (7).
End of gravity on the Earth
The gravitational force
that holds a person to the Earth and holds the Moon in orbit around
Earth has a certain strength. The strength of a gravitational force,
that is how strongly any two particles with given masses at a given
separation attract each other, depends on the value of the
gravitational constant G. If G, by some miracle, were suddenly
multiplied by a factor of 10, one would be crushed to the floor by
the Earth's attraction. If G were divided by this factor, Earth's
attraction would be so weak that one could jump over a building (4).
In the Al-Inshiqaq sura of the Quran (The Sundering), the Earth
is to cast out that within it and relinquish (10) what it bears
and the Moon?! This is probably best explained by Kenawi's
theorem (11) of the end of gravity on the earth.
Kenawi's Theorem and collision of the Sun with the
The Moon's gravitational effect has stabilized the
obliquity of the Earth, preventing large-scale excursions that might
have had catastrophic effects (5). However, the combined
gravitational effects of the Earth-moon system are very slowly
causing the Earth to spin slower and the Moon to recede from the
Earth (7). It is established that the Moon is already receding from the
Earth, due to the tidal interaction described above, at a rate of
3.74 cm/year (5). According to Kenawi's
theorem (11) recession of the Moon away from the Earth is to
greatly accelerate proportional to acceleration of time on the earth
(and the corresponding diminution of the gravitational pull on the
Moon by the Earth). In the Al-Qiyama sura of the Quran (The
Resurrection), the Sun and the Moon are to be joined together
(12). This can now be clearly understood in the light of present day
scientific knowledge. It is now not difficult to understand that the
Earth will relinquish the Moon, as it loses its gravitational pull
on it, so that the Sun's gravitational pull on the relinquished Moon
will effect a union between both. How magnificent must the Quran
be, giving us this bit of knowledge one thousand and four hundred
years ago! So, how can one be an atheist or an unbeliever?
1. Soanes, C. and Stevenson, A. Concise
Oxford English Dictionary. 11th Edition, 2004. Oxford: Oxford
2. Campo, JE. Encyclopedia of Islam. 1st
Edition, 2009; pp.570-4. New York: Facts On File, Inc.
A. The Noble Quran • Saheeh International English
Translation. 1st Edition, 2007; Sura 2, Aya 2. (http://www.imaanstar.com/).
Moore, P. Philip's Astronomy Encyclopedia • A Comprehensive A-Z
Guide to the Universe. 1st Edition, 2002; pp. 269, 332. London:
Philip's, an imprint of Octopus Publishing Group.
5. Taylor, SR.
The Moon. In Encyclopedia of the Solar System, edited by
McFadden L-A, Weissman PR and Johnson TV, 2nd Edition, 2007; pp.
227-8. San Diego: Elsevier Inc.
6. Furniss T, Lee G and Stokes J.
Space and Astronomy • An Illustrated Guide to Science. 1st
Edition, 2006; p.35. New York: Chelsea House Publishers.
Green, A. New Views of the Solar System • Compton's by
Britannica®. 1st Edition, 2007; p. 39. London: Encyclopædia
8. Angelo, JA Jr. Encyclopedia of Space and
Astronomy 1st Edition, 2006; p. 406. New York: Facts On File,
9. Curley, R. Universe. Volume 1 in Britannica
Illustrated Science Library, edited by Levy M, 1st Edition, 2008;
p.76. London: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.
10. Assami, A. The
Noble Quran • Saheeh International English Translation. 1st
Edition, 2007; Sura 84, Aya 4. (http://www.imaanstar.com/).
Kenawi, MM. End of gravity on the earth: Further Cracking of the
Einstein Code and of the Schwarzschild Solution. 2010 (http://www.goarticles.com/cgi-bin/showa.cgi?C=2463270).
Assami, A. The Noble Quran • Saheeh International English
Translation. 1st Edition, 2007; Sura 75, Aya 9. (http://www.imaanstar.com/).
1. END OF
GRAVITY ON THE EARTH (Part 1):
CRACKING OF THE EINSTEIN CODE AND OF THE SCHWARZSCHILD
2. END OF
GRAVITY ON THE EARTH (Part 2):
OF TIME ON THE EARTH HAS ALREADY BEGUN.
About the Author
M.M. Kenawi is Professor of Surgery at Cairo University (Egypt).
He is Webmaster of his site on Surgical Education. He has a search
toolbar in his name, and articles on Redirection
of Website URLs in HTML and on Windows